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Sustainable Agriculture Natural Soil Enhancement

Friday, Feb 06, 2015


Hi, my name is Kyaw Yeah I come from Burma at Waterfall Village. First we learned about healthy soil and OM-Organic Matter. We also used many things to make compost. Any thing that was alive. We can use three things for the plants, compost , EM -[Effective Microorganisms ] and humus, because in healthy soil the nutrients can live there. In raining season the humus holds nutrients.


We also learned how to make a compost pile. We took half carbon rich brown stuff and half nitrogen rich green stuff. For example corn husk and banana leaf are green and brown. We put then in layer by layer.


Another one was how to make Effective Microorganisms. First we cut bamboo and we put the rice into the bamboo and we covered it with paper and plastic. After that was finished we put it in a healthy place, like near bamboo and near healthy trees. Then we dug a hole and put near bamboo and waited for 3 days. After that 3 days were finished we it took out and now you can use it for many things. You can use it use it for the plants, pigs, chickens and for the compost. You can spray the pigs and other animals 3 times a day to keep them healthy. Before you use it for the plants and for the animals you need to filter out the liquid EM and mix with water. 20 parts water to 1 part EM Teacher Kara taught us about Bio-char and how to prepare the things we needs. First we cut wood scraps into approximately 3cm x 30 cm pieces. We put the wood tightly into a gassifire, and than we set the gassifire on top and we burned it then we waited for 1-2 hours and we removed chimney and sealed the gassifire with mud to stop the combustion process. After the charcoal has cooled you take out the charcoal and put it a mixture of water and manure for a long time. Add it to the soil and you will get good soil and better than before. We also made charcoal with cornhusk but if you want the best charcoal, make it with wood scraps.


These things are very interesting to me, because before I never made them and never saw. I liked this because I want to improve and develop my community. The computer is also interesting, I will teach about computer at my village. Another thing I like a lot is learning English, because the English language is very important, because the whole world uses that language most.


When this training is finished I will help my teacher at Wang Pha. We already have land at Kway Boh. We have not planted fruits and vegetables yet. I will help my teachers to make healthy soil, compost, and compost pile. We have a lot of land at Kway Boh and I will show them how to use it best. Usually at our school we always buy vegetables and food at markets. If we can make good soil and nutrients, we will plant ourselves and eat our own. I will improve the foods and plants more and more at Kway Boh. This is my dream and this is my purpose and also my goals.


These are the first steps, other steps are about my village and my community. In my village the people always plant corn and beans. They plant corn from rainy season until hot season and some times they were get very good corn and beans. One year they were doing a lot and they were so tired. This is why I came to learn about these things like Sustainable Agriculture. When I finish this training I will shows them how to make healthy soil. I will teach them. In my village usually they can't write. So I will draw pictures for them to show them. I will help in my community and to development the village. To help my community is my hobby.

 {3 pictures }



Kyaw Win said today was a very amazing day, because we make charcoal.


When we made Bio-char it was so hard, because we made it for the first time. We have to cut a lot of woods scraps, but it was fun. We burned the wood and the fire came up to the top of the chimney.

“Kyaw Win said when we burned the Bio-char the fires comes up out of the chimney, it looked very wonderful”


Other ideas you think of can work here too. Yes, if we have healthy soil and nutrients we can plants many things. We can put seeds into healthy soil. If you do this it's sustainable, and then you will feel blessed from heaven


This is us having fun in english class



 Thank you every one. Have a good day.

 Thanks you for reading my letters, you will have fun.


Financial Literacy

Sunday, Feb 01, 2015

Hi! My name is Paw Leh Moo Mahone. I'm from H.S.T.K. School. I came to Grace Garden to have training for 6 months. We have learned about many things, but I'm going to explain and tell you about Financial Literacy, most of this lesson talks about money.



These are our BGET students (minus one). We visit Mae Usu Cave 0n 1st February, 2015


In this lesson there were 5 sessions.

Session 1: Market session

Market session is a game that teaches us how to use our money and make our own choices. I like this game a lot because it’s taught me how to use my money and how to fill up the time when I have nothing to do.  For example, you wake up in the morning and you have so many things to do, but you have a choice to do what you want to do first. You can work or do something else.

I had a good time while playing this game. It is very difficult to play this game but fun!!

Session 2: Goal and money beliefs

In this session, there was an activity. This activity was called Minefield. I'll hope you all know this game very well. I am not going to explain to you how to play but I am going to tell you about what this game related to.

This game related to our lives. Sometimes our life is a little bit like the minefield. We start out here and we try to move forward.

What do we call the place we want to go? The final point of the game?

The answer to this question is a goal!!

This session encouraged me that I have to know what I want to achieve in my life and find the ability to move forward safely towards that goal.



This is when our Bget students join the training in Mae Sot WH school.


Session 3: What are savings? Marketing saving plans

     This lesson helped us to:

  • define our household income and expense,
  • define savings and its different uses, and
  • make a realistic personal saving plan.

It taught me to save my money and how to expense my money.

This session was very difficult for me to understand. When I first learned this session, it made me feel bored and I didn't even think about this session. But at last when I thought a bout it, it is fun and taught me many things.

One of my friends said, “it is very difficult for me to save money. Because if I see something pretty, I want to buy it. Because I am a girl who loves the pretty things!”

Saving is very important for us. When we save our money, it helps us to solve many problems. For example, pretend that you are working every day and you save 10% of your money each day but one day you get sick and you cannot work anymore. At that time, you can use the money that you've saved.

I will go to my community and teach some of them how to save money, because most   of them don't save any money. They go to work , and if they get money they buy food and some luxury things. They didn't save any money. When the problem comes they don't know what to do, because they didn't have any money. At that time the only thing they can do is to borrow money from someone else. Now they have dept. How can they pay it back? They have to work harder to pay back their dept.

I have seen these things happen in my community. My goal is to help them to save money. So that they can solve the problems when problems come.

Session 4: Household budgeting

This session helped me to describe several reasons for keeping a budget plan, and what can happen when there is no personal budget.

To create your own budgeting plan:

Identify total income and identify total expenses. How much can you save? Compare to your saving goals and create a budget plan.

I tried to create my own budget plan, but it is difficult for me because I can't control my self to buy the luxury things. I know that when I get older, I can do it. It is very good to   create a budget, because it helps us with our money.

Session 5: Time management / time as value

This is the final session of the lesson. This session, gave me the power to determine how I use my time every day. If I manage my time well, then the money that I manage could grow. This session also taught me how to manage my time and to find a new ways to use my time.

It is very good to manage our time. In class we created a chart for example. While we were creating a chart in class, one of my friends told a joke and said “Ha! Now I know how to save my money. I will save my money and I will buy my own airplane!!” And my other friends laughed and say back to him “ Of course you will get an airplane. Just in your dreams. Not in your real life.”

When I learn this session, it made me very happy and was very helpful to me.

Financial literacy community training:

After we had training for one week, we went to teach a community about financial literacy. We taught them for one week. Most of the participants were women with their babies. So it was very difficult to teach them because their babies cry a lot. First we taught them about the Market Session. The participants liked it a lot, they have a lot of fun but later they had to sit and listen so they got a little bit lazy but they tried very hard. I taught them Session 2 .It was very difficult to teach them and I was very afraid. For me, teaching people is more difficult than learning, because this was the first time for me to teach people like this. Before I went to teach them, I thought it will be very easy but now I realize that it is not easy for me. I have a quote that says “thinking is easier than doing.” I agree with this quote.

What about you? Eventhough teaching people is difficult, I still have to try. Another  quote says “I can accept failure, every one fails at something. But I can't accept not trying.” by Michael Jordan


This is when me and my friends went to teach the community training.

I had a good time during this training.  

Thanks for reading my block post!!!



Raising Pigs

Monday, Jan 12, 2015

         Hello, my name is Shwe Khy. I live in Mae La Camp. I came to BGET learn about some professional skills. In our class we are learning many topics.

         Now, we have already learned about animal husbandry. What I like most is how to raise pigs. But I learned about this in only one week. Our teachers are Ko Lin and Moe Thu. They teach about how to raise pigs. They come from KHOMLOY group, in Mae Sot. So, I want to try to share in my community as much as I can.

         The first step we learned was about how to build pig pen. The teachers helped to build the pig pen but we did much by ourselves. Before we built the pig pen we needed to know how many pigs we will raise. We built a composting Pig Pen. We dgg the hole and we made concrete with the blocks for around the hole. We made the building with some bamboo and some wood and we made the roof with leaves.


Finishing the walls


         The second step is learning about the pig pen filler. We divide it into 4 layers, the first layer we put rice husk, corn husk and which ever is easiest to find around our location. The second layer we need to put cow manure but we don't have cow manure so we use compost from our composting toilet and black soil. The third layer we put charcoal, and bamboo. The top layer we put black soil, rice husk and IMO (indigenous Micro Organisms).



Filling the pen

         Before we raise pig we will also need to prepare the pigs food. We made the food by ourselves in the class. We need to plant banana trees because we always need to put banana stalk in pig food. So, we also planted banana trees. If we have 10 banana trees we can feed 1 pig for 6 months. So, if you raise 10 pigs we need to plant 100 banana trees. Then we made FBS (fermented banana stalk) to feed the pigs. It is used for pig because of it’s high nutrition and low cost. When mixed with other high protein feeds it helps pigs gain weight quickly without much cost.

         Next we learned about was to select the Pig for our farm. There are 3 kinds: white pigs, black pigs, and breed pigs. The white pigs can get diseases. Black pigs can not grow quickly. Breed pigs can not get disease and they grow more than black pig. If you want to raise pigs, I think breed pigs are better than other pigs.



The finished pig pen

         Finally we learned about how many times in a week we need to care for pigs. If we raise Pigs we need to care for them so they will not get sick and grow quickly.

         Everyday we need to feed 2 times. We need to spray IMO Pig pen 1 time a week so that we don't get bad smell. Change drinking water every day, make FBS 1 time a week, shower the pigs 2 times a week, mix the pig pen1 time a week, we need to feed them a green snack everyday. If we do all of this our pigs can grow quickly and in six month we can sell them and we can get compost for garden.  So, If you want to learn more, you can come join us.




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Border Green Energy Team

P.O.Box 66
Mae Sot, Tak 63110 Thailand

Office: (66) 55-534-464